Criticism Theory

A Historical Guide to Walt Whitman (Historical Guides to by David S. Reynolds

By David S. Reynolds

Few authors are so well matched to historic learn as Whitman, who's commonly thought of America's maximum poet. This consultant combines modern cultural reviews and historic scholarship to light up Whitman's varied contexts. The essays discover dimensions of Whitman's dynamic dating to working-class politics, race and slavery, sexual mores, the visible arts, and the belief of democracy. The poet who emerges from this quantity is not any "solitary singer," distanced from his tradition, yet what he himself referred to as "the age transfigured," absolutely enmeshed in his instances and addressing matters which are nonetheless very important at the present time.

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LGC, 52. 30. DN, III:736. 31. S. Hill], North American Review 104 (Jan. 1867): 302; New York Examiner, January 9,1882. 32. PW,II:59733. LGC, 67. The next quotation is on 163. 34. Brooklyn Star, November 5,1845. 35. , The Gathering of the Forces (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1920), 346-47; Whitman, Notes and Fragments, ed. , Ontario: A. ), 70. 36. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, March 13,1847. 37. Variovum, I:31. 38. John Townsend Trowbridge, Atlantic Monthly 89 (Feb. 1902): 166. 39. Clarence Gohdes and Rollo G.

Walt immediately went south to Falmouth, where George's regiment was camped, to assess the wound, which turned out not to be serious. When, on December 28, Walt returned to Washington, he thought he might stay a few weeks. His stay, interrupted by periodic visits home, would last ten years. To make ends meet, Whitman took on minor government jobs, first as a copyist for the army paymaster and then as a clerk in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. His main interest was serving as a A Brief Biography 35 volunteer nurse in the Washington war hospitals, of which there were about forty.

12. See Horace Traubel, "Walt Whitman, Schoolmaster: Notes of a Conversation with Charles A. Roe," Walt Whitman Fellowship Papers 14 (Philadelphia: Apr. 1895): 81-87. 13. Scudder Whitney to Lotte Rees, letter of August 18, 1906. Y. 14. Citations from the Woodbury letters are from Arthur Golden, "Nine Early Whitman Letters, 1840-1841," American Literature 58 (Oct. 1986): 342-60. 15. , 1966), and Reynolds, Walt Whitman's America: A Cultural Biography (New York: Knopf, 1995), 70-72. 16. NUPM, 1:217.

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