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A Modern Czech Grammar by William E. Harkins, Marie Hynková

By William E. Harkins, Marie Hynková

How one can converse Czech.

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The present-tense form in French has several possible equivalents in English. ” You should now be able to conjugate the common -er verbs given below. Take note of all the cognates, marked with an asterisk (*), which will make communication in French a much easier task: 32 22:00 • WORKING WITH PRESENT-TENSE *accompagner (ah-kohN-pah-nyay), to accompany *adorer (ah-doh-ray), to adore *aider (eh-day), to help aimer (eh-may), to like, love apporter (ah-pohr-tay), to bring *arriver (ah-ree-vay), to arrive chercher (shehr-shay), to look for *commander (koh-mahN-day), to order coûter (koo-tay), to cost *demander (duh-mahN-day), to ask (for) dépenser (day-pahN-say), to spend *désirer (day-zee-ray), to desire *dîner (dee-nay), to dine donner (doh-nay), to give écouter (ay-koo-tay), to listen (to) emprunter (ahN-pruhN-tay), to borrow *entrer (ahN-tray), to enter étudier (ay-tew-dyay), to study *expliquer (ehks-plee-kay), to explain fermer (fehr-may), to close *garder (gahr-day), to keep, look after habiter (ah-bee-tay), to live (in) *indiquer (aN-dee-kay), to indicate jouer (zhoo-ay), to play monter (mohN-tay), to go up montrer (mohN-tray), to show oublier (oo-blee-yay), to forget passer (pah-say), to spend (time), pass penser (pahN-say), to think 33 VERBS COUNTDOWN TO FRENCH pousser (poo-say), to push *présenter (pray-zahN-tay), to introduce prêter (preh-tay), to lend *regarder (ruh-gahr-day), to look at, watch *réparer (ray-pah-ray), to repair rester (rehs-tay), to remain, stay *retourner (ruh-toor-nay), to return (to a place) *téléphoner (tay-lay-foh-nay), to call travailler (trah-vah-yay), to work trouver (troo-vay), to find Conjugating -ir Verbs.

He is meeting Mr. ) faire un voyage, to take a trip: Je fais un voyage au Canada. ) Faire is also used idiomatically to describe the weather: Quel temps fait-il? What’s the weather? Il fait bon. The weather is fine. Il fait beau. It’s beautiful. Il fait chaud. It’s hot. Il fait du soleil. It’s sunny. Il fait frais. It’s cool. Il fait froid. It’s cold. Il fait du vent. It’s windy. NOTE The verb faire is used to express that the subject plays a sport: Roger fait du tennis. ) 42 22:00 • WORKING WITH PRESENT-TENSE lire (leer), to read je lis (lee) nous lisons (lee-zohN) tu lis (lee) vous lisez (lee-zay) il lit (lee) ils lisent (leez) mettre (mehtr), to put (on) je mets (meh) nous mettons (meh-tohN) tu mets (meh) vous mettez (meh-tay) il met (meh) ils mettent (meht) offrir (oh-freer), to offer j’offre (ohfr) nous offrons (oh-frohN) tu offres (ohfr) vous offrez (oh-fray) il offre (ohfr) ils offrent (ohfr) ouvrir (oo-vreer), to open j’ouvre (oovr) nous ouvrons (oo-vrohN) tu ouvres (oovr) vous ouvrez (oo-vray) il ouvre (oovr) ils ouvrent (oovr) pouvoir (poo-vwahr), to be able to je peux (puh) nous pouvons (poo-vohN) tu peux (puh) vous pouvez (poo-vay) il peut (puh) ils peuvent (puhv) prendre (prahNdr), to take je prends (prahN) nous prenons (pruh-nohN) tu prends (prahN) vous prenez (pruh-nay) il prend (prahN) ils prennent (prehn) recevoir (ruh-suh-vwahr), to receive je reçois (ruh-swah) nous recevons (ruh-suh-vohN) tu reçois (ruh-swah) vous recevez (ruh-suh-vay) il reçoit (ruh-swah) ils reçoivent (ruh-swahv) 43 VERBS COUNTDOWN TO FRENCH savoir (sah-vwahr), to know a fact je sais (seh) nous savons (sah-vohN) tu sais (seh) vous savez (sah-vay) il sait (seh) ils savent (sahv) venir (vuh-neer), to come je viens (vyaN) nous venons (vuh-nohN) tu viens (vyaN) vous venez (vuh-nay) il vient (vyaN) ils viennent (vyehn) NOTE Use the expression venir de + infinitive to show that the subject has just done something: Je viens de manger.

Also cross-check by looking up the word on both the French and English sides of the dictionary. TIME’S UP! Here is a two-part exercise to find out whether you have assimilated what you’ve learned about nouns in this chapter. Try your best not to look back at the chapter to arrive at your answers. Part I Change the markers and plural nouns to their singular forms: 1. les obstacles 2. ces appartements 3. des discussions 4. les personnes 5. ces journaux Part II Change the masculine markers and nouns to their feminine counterparts: 6.

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