Advances in Wheat Genetics: From Genome to Field: by Yasunari Ogihara, Shigeo Takumi, Hirokazu Handa

By Yasunari Ogihara, Shigeo Takumi, Hirokazu Handa

This complaints is a set of forty six chosen papers that have been offered on the twelfth foreign Wheat Genetics Symposium (IWGS). because the release of the wheat genome sequencing venture in 2005, the arriving of draft genome sequences has marked a brand new period in wheat genetics and genomics, catalyzing speedy development within the box. This ebook offers a complete evaluation of the vanguard of wheat learn, throughout quite a few vital themes corresponding to germplasm and genetic range, cytogenetics and allopolyploid evolution, genome sequencing, structural and sensible genomics, gene functionality and molecular biology, biotic rigidity, abiotic pressure, grain caliber, and classical and molecular breeding. Following an advent, nine components of the publication are devoted to every one of those themes. a last, eleventh half entitled “Toward Sustainable Wheat construction” includes 7 very good papers that have been provided within the twelfth IWGS distinct consultation supported through the OECD. With swift inhabitants progress and radical weather alterations, the area faces a world nutrition difficulty and is short of one other eco-friendly Revolution to spice up yields of wheat and different broadly grown staple plants. even supposing this e-book specializes in wheat, a number of the newly constructed thoughts and effects provided right here will be utilized to different plant species with huge and intricate genomes. As such, this quantity is very advised for all scholars and researchers in wheat sciences and comparable plant sciences and in case you have an interest in sturdy foodstuff construction and nutrients security.

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Borlaug returned to the region in 1963, at the invitation of a 38-year old Indian wheat cytogeneticist, MS Swaminathan (CIMMYT 1989). Borlaug had sent a few dozen seeds of his high-yielding, disease-resistant semi-dwarf wheat varieties to India to test their resistance to local rust strains. Swaminathan, who like many wheat breeders of the time was interested in testing the semi-dwarf wheat varieties, immediately grasped their potential for Indian agriculture, and wrote Borlaug, inviting him to India.

Ogihara et al. 1007/978-4-431-55675-6_3 23 24 K. Hammer and H. Knüpffer Introduction The importance of wheat as a world crop is reflected by the large amount of wheat accessions in the world’s genebanks. The FAO (2010) estimated that wheat has the largest number of accessions (856,000), followed by rice (774,000) and barley (467,000). An earlier count (Knüpffer 2009) yielded 732,000 wheat accessions. Large collections have been brought together, especially during the period of the Plant Genetic Resources Movement, described by Pistorius (1997) for ca.

Germplasm Conserved… 37 the power to represent all alleles or classes, was used in the present study. It creates subsets representing all alleles or observation classes, with the least allelic redundancy, and ensures a highly reproducible list of entries. This approach has recently been used in developing core set from large rice and foxtail millet collection (Chung et al. 2009; Gowda et al. 2013). It effectively simplifies the generation process of a core set while significantly cutting down the number of core entries, maintaining 100 % of the diversity as categorical variables.

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