By Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
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Extra resources for Agricultural Policies in Oecd Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2003
The combined share of these three forms of support decreased from 90% to 76%. 10. Variation in commodity support by country 1986-88 2000-02 Japan Korea European Union Iceland Hungary1 Norway Canada Turkey United States Mexico Switzerland Czech Republic1 Poland1 Slovak Republic1 New Zealand Australia 0 50 100 150 Coefficient of variation (%) 1. For the Czech Republic, Hungary, Mexico, Poland and the Slovak Republic, the reference years are 1991-93. Notes: Variation in support is measured by the coefficient of variation of commodity producer NACs, weighted by value of production.
Marketing loans cover only against market prices that are lower than loan rates. Second, marketing loans provide payments to current production while CCPs payments relate to historical area and yield. Their impact on risk is different. The risk related impacts of CCPs are, in general, smaller than those of marketing loans. However, if area allocated to a given crop falls far below the levels in the base period, the risk reducing impacts of CCPs become larger, which may prevent production from falling.
And across commodities. There is also wide variation in the levels of support and protection across commodities for which PSEs are calculated. Compared with 2001, support to producers in 2002 increased for sugar, milk, beef and veal, wool, pigmeat, and poultry, while it decreased for maize, rice, oilseeds, and sheepmeat. 8). For 200002, the average producer support was less than 20% for wool, eggs and poultry, between 20% and 35% for maize, oilseeds, beef and veal, sheepmeat, and pigmeat, between 36% and 50% for wheat, sugar and milk, and over 80% for rice.