American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism, 1865-1900 by H. W. Brands

By H. W. Brands

In a grand-scale narrative historical past, the bestselling writer of 2 finalists for the Pulitzer Prize now captures the many years whilst capitalism used to be at its so much unbridled and some breathtakingly prosperous businessmen totally remodeled the United States from an agrarian economic climate to a global energy.

The years among the Civil conflict and the top of the 19th century observed the wholesale transformation of the US from a land of small farmers and small businessmen into an commercial immense. pushed through unfathomably prosperous and robust businessmen like J. P. Morgan, Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller, armies of staff, either female and male, have been harnessed to a brand new imaginative and prescient of big undefined. A society rooted within the soil grew to become one dependent in towns, and legions of immigrants have been interested in American seashores. What’s extra, in attaining its revolution, capitalism threatened to eclipse American democracy. “What do I care in regards to the law?” bellowed Cornelius Vanderbilt. “Hain’t I bought the power?” He did, and with it he and the opposite capitalists reshaped each element of yankee lifestyles. In American Colossus, H.W. manufacturers portrays the emergence, in a remarkably little while, of a recognizably smooth the USA.

The capitalist revolution left no longer a unmarried sector or element of yankee lifestyles untouched. It roared around the South, wrenching that sector from its feudal previous and integrating the southern financial system into the nationwide one. It burst over the West, dictating the destruction of local American economies and peoples, using the exploitation of usual assets, and making the frontier of payment a enterprise frontier to boot. It crashed around the city panorama of the East and North, turning towns into engines of wealth and poverty, opulence and squalor. It swamped the politics of an past period, shooting one significant occasion and half the opposite, inspiring the construction of a 3rd occasion and deciding on the problems over which all 3 waged a number of the bitterest battles in American heritage.

Brands’s spellbinding narrative fantastically depicts the oil gushers of western Pennsylvania, the increase, in Chicago, of the 1st skyscraper, the exploration of the Colorado River, the livestock drives of the West, and the early passionate sparks of union lifestyles. through 1900 the the United States he portrays is wealthier than ever, but prosperity is precarious, inequality rampant, and democracy stretched skinny. American Colossus is an unforgettable portrait of the years while the competition among capitalism and democracy used to be at its sharpest, and capitalism triumphed.

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Extra resources for American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism, 1865-1900

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2 The core of the transnational network, 1996 members of the core network. By 1996, firms with high degrees of transnational interlocks were tied to each other, comprising a well-connected core to which other firms were linked. 31 1 | Is there a transnational corporate community? Note: Leading letters indicate country of domicile, as follows. B: Britain, C: Canada, F: France, G: Germany, I: Italy, N: Netherlands, S: Switzerland, U: United States, X: Belgium. Line thicknesses reflect the number of shared directors.

N of transnational lines: USA–Canada f. N of transnational lines: Europe–North America g. N of transnational lines: Europe–Australia h. 8 58 5 24 0 1 Note: * The two ties that Fennema found in 1976 were carried by a person that was a member of an international advisory board of an American bank. These advisory boards have been excluded in our present analysis number of intercorporate lines – whether thick, thin, secondary or primary – across the main regions of the world economy. 4 that the total number of lines decreases by thirteen, but that the number of transnational lines increases by four, so that by 1996 one quarter of all lines traversed national borders.

3 Their analysis very usefully divides the globalist policy field into three neoliberal fractions, which we will employ to help frame our discussion of the projects of global policy groups. The first fraction is free‑market conservative. Influenced by economist Milton Friedman, this fraction calls for a complete global laissez‑faire, drawing on fundamental neoliberal tenets of monetarism, state deregulation, ‘spontaneous order’ of market relations, and possessive individualism. Reigning as neoliberalism’s singular voice under the so-called Washington consensus, the project would be splintered and somewhat margin­ alized amid the global economic crises of the 1990s.

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