By Joan Beal
This sequence presents introductions to the most parts of English language research. Volumes conceal elements of the background and constitution of the language comparable to: syntax, phonology, morphology, local and social version, outdated English, heart English, Early smooth English and foreign Englishes.
content material: 1. advent: are local kinds doomed?; 2. accessory; three. Dialect I: 'grammar'; four. Dialect II: lexis; five. The Diffusion version; 6. Levelling; 7. neighborhood identification/ groups of perform; eight. Stereotypes; nine. end; 10. Resources.
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Extra resources for An introduction to regional Englishes : dialect variation in England
Kortmann is silent on the place of Midlands dialects here because these are not covered in the volume, but what is notable is the persistence of a ‘Northumbrian/Southumbrian’ divide which can be traced back to Anglo-Saxon times, when the Anglian dialect of Northumbria was spoken from the Humber to the Forth. g. youse, are innovative rather than conservative. g. I’m liking this. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. This is the man what painted my house) Not all of the features identified as ‘Northern’ here are found throughout the North of England.
Number Subject Object Singular Plural thou ye thee you What complicated matters was the introduction, from the thirteenth century, and almost certainly under the influence of French, of the tendency to use ye/you as ‘polite’ forms of address to a single person. This never functioned in exactly the same way as French vous, and there is a considerable amount of scholarship devoted to the study of the social nuances reflected in variation between thou/thee and ye/you forms in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century literature.
Are based on data from the British National Corpus (BNC) and the Freiburg Regional English Dialects (FRED) corpus. The latter was compiled from oral history data held in archives within and beyond the UK, again in order to facilitate 1085 pages 1-124:Regional Englishes 5/10/10 11:50 Page 29 DIALECT VARIATION : MORPHOLOGY AND SYNTAX 29 comparisons. Beal and Corrigan (2005a) compare results from two corpora compiled from interviews carried out in Tyneside and Sheffield. As we shall see, the findings of these corpus-based studies sometimes contradict those of questionnaire-based research, and often reveal nuances of variation that had not hitherto been discovered.